To view the full text, please login as a subscribed user or purchase a subscription. Click here to view the full text on ScienceDirect.

Figures

Fig. 1

(A). A digitally reconstructed radiograph (DRR) of a “limited” nodal field encompassing only undissected axilla and SCV fossa. (B). A DRR of an “extended” nodal field encompassing the full axilla and SCV fossa.

Fig. 2

uses axial section CT images to illustrate a trifurcated system of target volume and beam arrangement for nodal irradiation. (A). An anterior obliqued beam encompassing a “limited” nodal field for which the dissected axilla was excluded, (B). An anterior obliqued beam encompassing an “extended” nodal field for which the full axilla was included. (C). Parallel-opposed beams encompassing an “extended” nodal field for which the full axilla was included.

Fig. 3

An example of a lymphedema screening and referral algorithm incorporating multidisciplinary evaluation and treatment.

Fig. 4

International society of lymphology, lymphedema staging system consensus document of international society of lymphology. Lymphology 2020;53: 3 to 19.

First page of article
Lymphatic fluid is composed of water, protein, and other debris emited from capillary beds into the intersitium

To access this article, please choose from the options below

Purchase access to this article

Claim Access

If you are a current subscriber with Society Membership or an Account Number, claim your access now.

Subscribe to this title

Purchase a subscription to gain access to this and all other articles in this journal.

Institutional Access

Visit ScienceDirect to see if you have access via your institution.

 

Linked Articles

Unknown widget #d2170c4d-a9cf-482f-ac17-ef77d57a1866

of type linkedContentList

Related Articles

Unknown widget #c2ffda61-8426-42f7-926b-03d7330eede2

of type relatedArticleListWidget